MacBook fan always on
The MacBook fan always on issue usually doesn’t indicate anything serious and in most cases can be fixed without too much hassle. Possible causes of a MacBook fan being always on can be dust build-up, heavy GPU use, regular wear and tear, and more.
One thing that we must make clear before we go any further is that the fan in your MacBook should always be on. In fact, if the fan isn’t working for an extended period of time, the MacBook will most likely shut down to prevent damage from overheating.
What most users are referring to when they complain that their MacBook fan is always on is either that the fan is being too loud and/or that it is running at an unusually high spinning rate. The causes for either of those problems can differ, but they could also be the same.
Prevent your Mac fan from running constantly by ensuring the vents are not obstructed. Some Apple products have vents to cool the device, so it’s essential to keep them clear. Place your Mac on a flat surface like a table or desk to optimize airflow and temperature control.
If your Mac fan constantly runs, it may be due to overheating caused by intensive tasks or resource-heavy apps. This is common with MacBooks, and can be resolved by closing these apps or using a cooling pad. The machine slowing down can also be a sign of overheating.
If your MacBook fan is running constantly, check to see if there’s anything blocking the airflow around the chassis. Vents are crucial for bringing in cool air and expelling hot air, and any blockages can cause overheating. Clear any obstructions and use your MacBook on a hard, flat surface.
1. Try to lower CPU usage.
2. Adjust ambient temperature. …
3. Provide sufficient air circulation to the fans.
4. Ensure there aren’t any blockages in the vents.
5. Use only official power adapters.
6. Try resetting your Mac’s SMC.
Why does my MacBook fan keep running?
As we already mentioned, a possible reason as to why your MacBook fan keeps running could be dust build-up that causes the fan to make too much noise and/or run at higher than usual RPM (revolutions per minute).
Another possible cause is if something is causing your MacBook to use its GPU (graphics card) with greater intensity than usual. Laptops, in general, are known for overheating much more easily compared to desktop computers, and this becomes especially apparent when their GPUs are being used at high intensity since the latter tend to emit lots of heat.
One more thing to factor in is the age of your Mac and, respectively, its fan. For instance, a MacBook that is already several years old and has seen frequent use is expected to start making more noise with its fan. This doesn’t necessarily mean there’s anything wrong with the fan, but since, as we said, it’s always working while the computer is on, its components sooner or later start to wear out, which causes the fan to become noisier
Depending on what causes your MacBook’s fan to be noisy or to spin too quickly, there are different things you can do to fix this. Below, we’ve provided several suggestions that may help with this issue, so go ahead and try them until, hopefully, one of them gets the job done.
MacBook Pro fan always running
If your MacBook Pro fan is always running at an unusually high speed and is making a lot of noise, you can try resetting the machine’s SMC and NVRAM/PRAM, like we’ve shown below. You can also try quitting any CPU-intensive apps and apps that are draining too much battery, as those can also cause the fan of your MacBook to run unusually fast.
The System Management Controller (SMC) of your MacBook is a system responsible for controlling many different components and aspects of the computer, including the power management and power supply, the keyboard, and the cooling fans. Sometimes, however, a bug in the Controller can cause some of those components to act in unusual ways. A simple SMC restart can typically fix any such bugs and bring things back to normal, so we strongly advise you to try restarting your MacBook’s SMC.
NVRAM is a small amount of virtual memory that stores information about the MacBook’s current settings and state. If it gets bugged, it can also result in the unusual behavior of certain system components, which is why resetting it may be a possible way to fix any fan-related issues. To learn how to reset the NVRAM of your Mac, please, follow the linked page.
Stop resource-intensive apps
Start the Activity Monitor by going to Finder > Applications > Utilities and double-clicking on the Activity Monitor icon.
First, select CPU and see which of the apps are using the MacBook’s CPU the most. There’s also a GPU column, so pay attention to it as well. After that, select Memory and then Energy and see the most resource-intensive apps shown there.
Doing this will help you figure out which app(s) is using the largest amount of system resources – stopping that app should help with reducing the amount of heat that the MacBook emits and, in turn, lower the speed at which the fan is turning. You can stop an app from the Activity Monitor by selecting it, clicking the X in the top left, and then clicking on Quit.
As we mentioned earlier, heavy GPU use is what typically raises the MacBook temperature the most, so it is suggested that you first quit the apps that are using the most GPU.
MacBook Air fan keeps running
In case your MacBook Air fan keeps running unusually fast and loud, it’s possible that there’s dust build-up that’s making them less effective. However, there are many other possible causes of this issue, which will be addressed next.
Clean the fans
It’s usually not necessary to open your MacBook in order to clean its fans. In most cases, all you’d need to clean the fans is a source of compressed air that can push the dust out of the fans’ vents. There are many different types and brands of compressed air canisters that are for cleaning computer parts such as keyboards and vents, so you should be able to easily acquire one.
All you’d need to do with the compressed air can is spray the compressed air in the air vents of the MacBook’s fans until dust stops coming out of them.
Note, however, that not all of the dust will come out that way, especially if your MacBook is older and has been in use for a long time. It will always be more effective to thoroughly clean the different parts of the fan after opening the MacBook. However, this must be done by a professional, so we suggest that you don’t attempt to do it on your own. If you think there’s too much dust inside your Mac, we recommend taking it to a certified Apple technician who can take apart the machine and thoroughly clean its parts.
Disconnect devices that require heavy GPU use
Here, we are mostly talking about external display/monitors, as those (especially HD ones) are really taxing on the GPU and CPU, forcing them to work with greater intensity and give off more heat, which leads to the fans turning faster and being louder (as they should in such cases). Other external devices may also increase the workload of your Mac’s hardware and cause it to emit more heat. Therefore, if you have any peripherals connected to our Mac, disconnecting them to see if there’s any improvement.
Consider the room temperature
If you are living in a warmer part of the world or if simply the room in which you are using your Mac is too warm, this can obviously cause the MacBook to overheat more quickly and force it to run its fans at higher speeds. If nothing else thus far has worked, you can try using your Mac in a colder room to see if this has any effect.
Manually set fan speed
There are different apps out there that can allow you to override the default fan settings of your MacBook and manually control the speed and behavior of the fans, so you can make them run slower to make less noise. Note that this is something that should be done in moderation and, in most cases, it’s best to trust your Mac’s fan settings because, if the fan is running at high speed, there’s probably a reason for that.
Still, if you want to do this and have confidence in your personal judgment that you won’t cause the Mac to overheat or overtax the fans, you can install one such app and use it to manually control your MacBook’s fan. One such free tool that you can use is called Smcfancontrol. The best use for such tools is when you actually want the fans to be running faster – for example, when you are playing a video game or running some other resource-intensive piece of software.
Provide better air circulation around the Mac
Something very important to consider when using your Mac is to ensure that its fan’s vents aren’t covered in any way. Since the vents of all MacBooks are very small and narrow, they can get covered very easily, which blocks the airflow and prevents proper cooling of the CPU. For this reason, you should avoid keeping the Mac placed on blankets, pillows, beds, couches, or other soft surfaces, as this can easily limit the airflow to its vents, which will lead to an increase in the CPU temperature and, in turn, causing your macOS to send the vents into overdrive.
Free up storage
How full your storage is should have no relation to the activity of the computer’s fans, yet, if you barely have any storage left, your Mac’s write and read speeds could be significantly lowered. This, in turn, is likely to put a lot more strain on the CPU, causing it to run hotter, and resulting in faster spinning fans to cool it down.
Some users report that updating their macOS to the latest available version has fixed any fan issues with their Mac. Therefore, we also recommend updating/upgrading your macOS. To do that, simply go to Apple Menu > System Preferences > Software Update, and install any pending updates for your current macOS version or upgrade to a later version (for instance, from macOS Big Sur to macOS Monterey).
Try Apple Diagnostics
If nothing else has worked so far, you should consider the possibility of hardware damage to your Mac that’s causing inaccurate temperature readings, resulting in excessive fan usage when such is not needed. There are various sensors in your Mac and any physical damage to them could lead to such an issue. One thing you can do in such situations is to use the Apple Diagnostics tool to see if the system detects any hardware damage.
- Shut down your Mac, press the power button, and immediately after that press and hold the D key. Keep holding it until you get asked to choose a Wi-Fi network.
- Select a network, connect to it, and then select a language.
- Choose whether you want to allow Apple to gather data from the diagnostics report and the diagnostics tool will begin scanning your Mac.
- After several minutes, you should see a report on your screen that tells you if any hardware damage has been detected. See what’s written in the report and click Restart or Shut Down.
- If the report informs you about any issues, you will definitely need to bring your Mac to a certified specialist to open it to repair the damage.
If you are still struggling with the fan issue
If you are still having the same problem after having tried everything suggested here, it’s probably a good idea to get a specialist to have a look at the MacBook and determine and fix whatever is causing the unusually high speed or noisiness of the cooling fan. It’s possible that the Mac may need to get opened, but this is something that should be done by a professional, which is yet another reason why one may need to take a look at the machine.